Indonesia - Building the Capacity of Water Supply Service Providers in Disaster Risk Management and Climate Adaptation
Indonesia is in one of the most geologically active regions in the world. The country is extremely vulnerable to a range of natural hazards including floods, earthquakes, volcanic eruptions, landslides, and tsunamis. The World Bank estimates that at least 110 million people in 60 Indonesian cities are exposed regularly to such hazards, which are leading to significant disaster events more frequently due to the effects of climate change and inadequate risk mitigation strategies. Despite such disastrous events and negative impacts on communities, most water supply infrastructure in Indonesia has not been designed to be resilient against, and cope adequately with, disaster events. In disasters, water supply services are sometimes disrupted for weeks, due to destroyed pipe infrastructure and water treatment facilities and thus reducing the quality of drinking water. Even where the water supply system is left intact, there is a high risk of contamination from sewage or seawater brought by the tsunami. Flooding events have similarly disrupted water supply and contaminated water sources.
This consultancy assignment provided advisory services and technical inputs to increase awareness and capacity of relevant Government of Indonesia line agencies, AKATIRTA (tertiary education institution in Indonesia that creates environmental engineering professionals specializing in water supply and sanitation) and water supply service providers in developing disaster risk management and climate adaptation plans for water supply infrastructure, particularly to address seismic and hydro meteorological (floods, droughts and landslides) risks.
This was achieved by developing technical guidelines and standard operating procedures on how to address DRM and climate adaptation aspects in water supply infrastructure that would assist water utilities companies to prepare DRM and climate adaptation plans; by providing technical assistance to AKATIRTA to increase their capacity in delivering trainings and education programs in the design and operation of resilient water and sanitation infrastructure. This consisted of developing a set of training modules and guidelines on DRM and climate adaptation of water supply infrastructure and training of the trainers in their utilization; and by